Here is a short explanation presented by Delices and Gourmandises to the meanings of AOC, AOP, and IGP designations that you might find on wine bottle labels and numerous other products from a terroir.
AOC means “Appellation d’Origine Contrôlée” which is both an authenticity warrant of a product and a certification to ensure that its taste and aroma are in accordance with the particularities of the terroir where it originated. In that case, procedures of production and the ground type are very specific. Furthermore, traditional methods used by the producers have to be strictly respected. It was originally applied to wine only but later, it was extended to food products as well.
AOP or “Appellation d’Origine Protégée” has the same meaning as AOC but it is applicable to all European products. It is, therefore, valid in any country member of the European Union. In order to be classified in the AOP category, a product has to respect all AOC conditions and specificities. Additionally, it has to be approved by the European commission. In case the European Commission denies AOP designation to a product, the AOC designation previously given to it will be rejected as well.
IGP stands for “Indication Géographique Protégée”. It is a certificate to testify that a given product, raw or transformed, is really from the geographical region where it says it originates. It could also be considered as a warrant to attest the fact that the given products have to have the very same qualities and characteristics of other certified products from that region since it could affect their standing.
You can find numerous AOC, AOP, and IGP designated wines and products from the terroir at Delices and Gourmandises.2016-03-21